Quandaries of Networked Mobility: Berner’s Lee and MWI

The cool innovations in both mobile and Internet platforms at this point is exciting, especially given the cell phone has been one of the fastest adopted technologies thus far. So it is particularly interesting to contemplate the implications of their merger and address issues of how standards can guide its usage and open nature.

From the early days of the networked hypertext system (see 1989) to a globally interconnected space which can be accessed from any computer by anyone anywhere, we have come a long way. Historically, the trajectory of the Internet as it intertwines with its early network emergence among universities in the U.S. along with a similar coupling at CERN enabled the form and shape of the contemporary WWW (World Wide Web).

The open architecture premise of the Internet (whereby anyone could design it for use for anything) made such innovation possible in the first case.  It is open in content and hardware–allowing links between data from any social, public, academic, industrial, or scientific sphere to be clearly and transparently shared.

Besides being open platform, the other important characteristic of the WWW is that it is universal. This premise extends to independence from hardware device and operating systems and today includes the mobile platform.

In reading Berners-Lee’s piece, share your thoughts on the following as a response to this post:

  1. How does the net neutrality debate concern those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW?
  2. How does TCP/IP standard promote/constrain it?
    1. How do some Web 2.0 community Web sites support your argument…
    2. Social networks?
  3. What are Berner-Lee’s ceiling technologies?
  4. What is the MWI and how does it address three challenges facing us today?

19 responses to “Quandaries of Networked Mobility: Berner’s Lee and MWI

  1. 1. I think they concern because they are worried about the ceiling for the WWW. When net neutrality was being used, there was a limit and everyone was okay with it. Now that the WWW has been created, there is no ceiling as to how much someone can do or post and that could potentially get someone in trouble.
    2. The WWW was promoted because the standards for TCP/IP were already implemented in an interoperable way all over the planet, in advance of the innovation. TCP/IP wasn’t designed with networked hypertext in mind. But it wasn’t designed to prohibit it either – it was and is an open platform.
    a. If not for the Web 2.0, I wouldn’t have as many friends and wouldn’t be able to share things with my friends like I can now. Also, I wouldn’t have any of my jobs either because many jobs today now use the WWW and Web 2.0 to crate applications.
    b. The social networks have allowed me to find jobs, friends, and interact with my favorite people. I am able to do all of that because of Web 2.0
    3. It is designed to provide a value, and for its provider to cash in and cash out. Proprietary music download systems are ceiling technologies to the extent that the technologists design to be also being the only store in town, rather than creating an open market. Ceiling technologies are the end of the road for innovation.
    4. Mobile Web Initiative (MWI) is a group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality.
    a. It defines what sort of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device
    b. It gives best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way
    c. It recommends finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and sending appropriately formatted content

  2. Net Neutrality is the concept of equality on the Internet for all users no matter the content, site, or platform. Those who are concerned about the open network architecture of the WWW are the ones who post often and do a lot with the Internet. With the Internet ceiling in place, there are certain restrictions to those who might abuse their power on the Internet or the Internet itself.
    TCP/IP promotes net neutrality because of its openness. It wasn’t built to support hypertext but it doesn’t limit it either. Some Web 2.0 sites support the argument that TCP/IP promotes net neutrality because there isn’t a limit to how much you can post or what you can do on that site. For example, Twitter is a free application and can be used by anyone. Anyone can post any amount they want without consequences. Blogs are the same way. Anyone who runs a blog can post what they want and comments can be made with or without approval, therefore supporting net neutrality for all.
    Berner-Lee’s ceiling technologies promote innovation. Markets are created and different applications are created in each market. The ceiling is the market itself because it is its own department. But within that ceiling, there can be innovations in each department, therefore improving the technology and creating new applications.
    The MWI is the World Wide Web’s mobile web initiative and it’s a group of companies that realize the importance of the convergence of the web and the Internet and they work to make the mobile web a reality. The MWI addresses three challenges that we face today including defining what sort of facilities you should expect to find on a mobile device, giving the best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way and recommending finding out what device you are talking to if you can.

  3. 1. The net neutrality debate concerns those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW. This is because those users are worried that ceiling technology is the ‘end of the road’ for free and open web based technology. People that often share their opinions and information on the internet are often concerned with the ability of the government to be able to take over and control the rights and abilities that they have on the internet if net neutrality did not exist.
    2. Overall the WWW was promoted because of the fact that standards for TCP/IP that were already implemented all over the planet. This enabled the WWW to be an independent platform for information. Social networks and the Web 2.0 community supports this argument. This is because they allow for the use of tagging and linking. The WWW is so large and openly available people are able to link and thread all their ideas free and open with one another.
    3. Ceiling technologies are designed to provide value for its provider to cash in and cash out. Berner-Lee calls ceiling technologies the ‘end of the road’ for innovation. Because of ceiling technologies markets are created with different applications among those markets. With ceiling technologies being the end of innovation within these markets they are only able to improve and modify those that have already been created.
    4. MWI stands for the Mobile Web Initiative this is a group of mobile technologies within the world wide web. MWI defines the best practices for authoring content and serves data in the most independent way possible. The MWI faces three main challenges that we have today when dealing with technology. First, it defines the type of facilities users will expect to see on their mobile devices. Second, it gives the best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way. Last, finding out what device you are talking to if possible in order to send information in the proper format.

  4. 1. The net neutrality debate concerns those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW because of what limits there may or may not be. With the existence of the WWW, there really are no limits on what a person can post, who can post, and how much they can post.
    2. The TCP/IP standard does not totally constrain the WWW because it was created as an open platform, allowing the WWW to take hold. The openness does not prohibit the WWW, but it also was not built to support hypertext.
    a. Many web 2.0 communities support this argument because of their openness and the unlimited abilities you can utilize.
    b. Social networks support this also because of their unlimited use. Sites such as twitter, facebook, and Instagram do not have limits to them based on what you post or how much.
    3. The ceiling technologies is the opposite of a foundation technology, and it does not support innovation. They put a lid on further innovation and are meant to be the only store in town, rather than an open market.
    4. The MWI is the Mobile web Initiative is a group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web consortium which realizes the importance of the convergence with the web and mobile devices.
    a. This defines what sort of facilities you should expect to find on a mobile device.
    b. Providing the best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way
    c. Recommending finding out what device you are talking to and making data exchange compatible.

  5. 1.) As stated in the reading above, the open architecture premise of the Internet means that anyone could design it for use for anything. This has made such innovation possible. It is open in content and hardware–allowing links between data from any social, public, academic, industrial, or scientific sphere to be clearly and transparently shared. Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers and governments should treat all data on the Internet equally, not discriminating or charging deferentially by user, content, site, platform, application, type of attached equipment, and modes of communication. Those people that are concerned about net neutrality are concerned about the ceiling they may run into. With the WWW people were able to do whatever they wanted on the internet but now with the Internet ceiling in place there are certain restrictions that can stop these people from doing whatever they want.

    2.) TCP/IP standard is designed to meet the needs of an open-architecture network environment that stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (Berners-Lee). Therefore, it promotes the open architecture premise of the Internet however constrains the net neutrality concept for many people.
    a.) Web 2.0 has allowed me to share things with people I would have never thought I could. I can keep in contact with friends and family members by sharing, photos, links, etc.
    b.) Social networking has done the same. I am able to keep in contact with friends and family members as well as make connections for the real world. A great example of this is LinkedIn where I can communicate to future employers about myself.

    3.) Berners-Lee ceiling technologies are designed to provide a value, and for its provider to cash in and cash out. Proprietary music download systems are ceiling technologies to the extent that the technologists design to be also being the only store in town, rather than creating an open market. Though putting a lid on further innovation, they are still providing a service, and making sure they profit from it (Berners-Lee).

    4.) The W3C’s Mobile Web Initiative (MWI) is a group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality (Berners-Lee). MWI defines best practices for authoring content. It defines what sort of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device. It gives best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way. It recommends finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and sending appropriately formatted content. Some phone browsers set out to be able to provide access to virtually any Web page, but technical limitation on other phones make this impossible. To encourage Web sites to become easily browsable by mobile devices, there is a “mobileOK” mark which may be used by content providers adhering to guidelines (Berners-Lee). It addresses the three problems facing us today by defining what sort of facilities you should expect to find on a mobile device, providing the best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way, and lastly, recommending finding out what device you are talking to and making data exchange compatible.

  6. 1. The net neutrality debate is a concern to those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW because of the possible limits. People want the freedom to post as much or as little as they want to on the internet without restrictions.
    2. TCP/IP was designed as an open platform. It was not designed for hypertext but it does not prohibit it. These standards made the WWW possible because they were already implemented all over the planet.
    A. Web sites are able to grow and update because of the freedom that these standards allow.
    B. Social networks support net neutrality because they have no limit on their postings, who can post, what they can post, or when they can post.
    3. Some people believe ceiling technologies are the end of the road for innovation. This technology puts limits on what the WWW can do.
    4. MWI is Mobile Web Initiative, which are a group of mobile technology companies within the WWW consortium who realize the importance of convergence and are working to make mobile web a reality. It is working to make sites browsable on any device, not just a laptop or desktop computer. It also defines the sort of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device. It also gives the best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way.

  7. Net neutrality debate concerns those who worry about the open network architecture of the World Wide Web. The main topic is whether or not there’s a ceiling of what’s out there. The WWW gives us, the user, ultimate control of what we do with the power of internet.
    TCP/IP was designed to stabilize the network and give it a sense of strength. Well sites such as Twitter have a 140 character count limit and Facebook has about 1600. These limits on what we post are very understandable due to what the sole purpose of the site it for. Berner-Lee’s ceiling technologies promote innovation and is constantly improving. The WWW is like a web of many connecting sites that will forever be linked by innovations. You will forever have innovations throughout, but the connection will always be there.
    The MWI is Mobile Web Initiative which is a group of mobile companies that realize the importance of companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality. It defines what sort of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device. It gives best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way. It recommends finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and sending appropriately formatted content.

  8. 1. The Net Neutrality debate has been around for years. “It is a tension of convergence, where different business models and cultures may clash,” (w3.org). The article urges to support Net Neutrality and I could not agree more. However, this debate worries some people because they do not want the open Internet platform. This brings up the topic of celling technology. This is technology to essentially “provide a value, and for its provider to cash in and out,” (w3.org). Net Neutrality allows the Internet to be a platform of freedom and I do not think that should change.

    2. TCP/IP standard promote/ constrain it by being its open platform. It was not just designed with networked hypertext. 1. All of the Web 2.0 community sites are all possible because of the Web standards. “The Web is a huge platform for innovation because of those standards,” (w3.org). 2. Any new form of communication or new social networking idea can now be used by everyone across the world.

    3. Berners-Lee’s ceiling technologies are designed to provide a value and for its provider to cash in and out. “Proprietary music download systems are ceiling technologies to the extent that the technologists design to being the only store in town, rather than creating an open market,” (w3.org). However, placing a lid on further innovation, they are still providing a service and making sure they profit from it. It is all about making sure the rights to that particular song or movie are trying to be saved. (w3.org).

    4. The MWI is the Mobile Web Initiative which is a “group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality,” (w3.org). The three challenges it address today is #1 that it defines what sorts of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device. #2 is that is gives best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way. The last one #3 is that it recommends finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and sending appropriately formatted content.

  9. 1. The Net Neutrality argument threatens the open architecture of the WWW because if companies such as Comcast were able to put regulations on what could be posted, that would completely take away the open architecture of the WWW. The WWW being free and open is one of the main draws of the WWW, and the loss of Net Neutrality threatens online freedom.
    2. TCP/IP both promotes but still constrains Net Neutrality. It constrains it in that TCP/IP was not designed with with networked hypertext in mind but it promotes Net Neutrality because it is an open platform.
    A/B. Web 2.0 and social networks both support Net Neutrality because they both require online freedom.
    3. Ceiling technologies are designed to provide a value in which the provider can cash in and cash out from people buying the values provided.
    4. The MWI (Mobile Web Initiative) is a “group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality.” The three challenges it faces are it defines what you should find on a mobile device, it gives the bets practices for serving data in the most device-dependent way, and finally it recommends finding out what device you are talking to and sending the correct content if possible.

  10. 1. The main appeal of the WWW is that it is an open and fairly unregulated space. The Net Neutrality argument would infringe upon this freedom. The open architecture can realistically be taken away by large companies thus defeating the core draw of the WWW.

    2. TCP/IP might still favor Net Neutrality, but not without taking strides to constrict it. The constriction comes from the fact that TCP/IP was made without taking hypertext into consideration. Both Web 2.0 and social media outlets are on favor of Net Neutrality because without it they wouldn’t exist. They both need online freedom in order to be used as they were intended to.

    3. A lot of people see these ceiling technologies as more than just a way to provide a value which the provider can use to cash in and cash out. There are plenty of people who feel that this tech could spell the end of innovation and put a limit on to what the WWW can do.

    4. The Mobile Web Initiative is a “group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality.”
    The three challenges it tackles today are as follows:
    1. It defines what an individual should expect to find on a mobile device.
    2. It gives the best methods for serving data in a mostly device-independent way.
    3. It recommends finding out which device you are talking to and sending the correct content if possible.

  11. 1) The people concerned with net neutrality are concerned about reaching a certain point and no longer being able to grow. With the WWW people were able to do whatever they wanted on the internet however, with certain restrictions in place these companies can no longer use the web in anyway they see fit, taking away the open architecture.
    2) The innovation of the WWW was possible because the standards for TCP/IP were already implemented in advance. TCP/IP was designed as an open platform. At the same time, it was not designed with networking hypertext in mind. Sites like eBay and Flickr, for example, are possible because the Web standards were implemented in an inter-operable way. The Web is a huge platform for innovation because of the standards of TCP/IP.
    3)Ceiling technologies are designed to provide a value, and for its provider to cash in and cash out. Rather than creating an open market, the idea is that the technology is the only one around that can do what it does.
    4)The Mobile Web Initiative is a group of mobile technology companies within the WWW who are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality. It addresses challenges facing us today. For example, it defines the facilities you should expect to find on a mobile device, it gives the best practices for serving data, and it advocates for sending appropriately formatted content by understanding what specific device the content is being sent to.

  12. Net neutrality has allowed the World Wide Web to remain an open platform, accessible regardless of one’s Internet connection. The net neutrality debate has the potential to close off the open architecture of the WWW, making it more difficult to access and transfer information. This also could limit future innovations by ensuring that only a few select systems are able to be used and profited from.
    The TCP and IP help to keep the open architecture of the WWW functioning as it currently is by establishing methods for information to be transferred and for networks to access the Internet regardless of location, Internet provider, etc. This also helps keep net neutrality functioning, allowing users to create new technologies and transfer information at will. Web 2.0 websites like Amazon and Flickr are accessible any time, from any network, and can be changed independent of one another based on that website’s requirements. Although many Web 2.0 websites do provide users with services for profit, they are not limiting the ability or creation of other websites to provide similar services. Social networks can be accessed in the same manner and allow for personal connections between users to be made at will. Users and programmers have the ability to utilize these websites according to their own needs, regardless of their method of connection.
    Berners-Lee defines ceiling technologies as technologies designed to provide a service for profit, putting limits on other technologies that offer the same services and effectively hindering future innovation. He cites patent issues involving P3P as an example of ceiling technology. One company’s patent on the information transfer method used by P3P caused the protocol to lose its moment as a result of legal battles during a crucial period of time.
    The MWI is the Mobile Web Initiative that exists within the W3C, made up of companies dedicated to enabling the mobile web. The group defines what practices to use when creating and optimizing a website for mobile devices. Specifically, the MWI recommends that appropriately formatted content be sent to a mobile device when applicable, encourages web sites to be mobile-friendly with the “mobileOK” mark, and defines the facilities a web designer should expect on a mobile device.

  13. 1. How does the net neutrality debate concern those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW?
    The fact that US cable companies want to restrict what can be accessed on the Internet or how we access it (more money = more access) goes against the very design of the Internet. From a technological and social standpoint, those who oppose net neutrality are a threat.
    2. How does TCP/IP standard promote/constrain it?
    The TCP/IP standard promotes net neutrality in that there’s no discrimination between IP addresses, or no charging for IP addresses, etc.
    A. How do some Web 2.0 community Web sites support your argument…
    Pinterest! YouTube! These sites are free to use regardless of where
    you’re from or what internet provider you have.
    B. Social networks?
    Twitter! Tumblr! Facebook! These social networking sites are free to
    use, regardless of where you’re from (unless you live in a country
    whose government restricts access to certain websites) or what
    Internet provider you have.
    3. What are Berner-Lee’s ceiling technologies?
    Technologies designed to provide a value, and for its creators to cash in and then cash out. They want to be the only provider, and to crush all competition instead of promoting innovation.
    4. What is the MWI and how does it address three challenges facing us today?
    The Mobile Web Initiative. It defines the best practices for authoring content – how to make a site mobile friendly, how to serve data in the most device-independent way, and recommending finding out what device you are talking to (if possible) to send out appropriately formatted content.

  14. i.) Net neutrality can be defined as the principle that “Internet service providers should enable access to all content and applications regardless of the source, and without favoring or blocking particular products or websites”. This directly relates to the open architecture format because it means that all should have access to every source. Those who attempt to interfere with network accessibility also break the fundamental goals of the internet.
    ii.) “The innovation of the WWW was possible because the standards for TCP/IP were already implemented in an inter operable way all over the planet, in advance of the innovation. TCP/IP wasn’t designed with networked hypertext in mind. But it wasn’t designed to prohibit it either — it was and is an open platform”
    iii.) A foundation technology is deigned to promote innovation. A ceiling technology on the other hand is not. Proprietary music downloading is an example of this.
    iv.)”The W3C’s Mobile Web Initiative (MWI) is a group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality.”

  15. (i) As stated within the reading, the net neutrality debate concerns those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW because of what restraints that may or may not be placed on it. Currently along with the existence of the WWW, there aren’t really define boundaries set on what a person/organization can post.
    (ii) “The innovation of the WWW was possible because the standards for TCP/IP were already implemented in an inter operable way all over the planet, in advance of the innovation. TCP/IP wasn’t designed with networked hypertext in mind. But it wasn’t designed to prohibit it either — it was and is an open platform”
    (iii) Ceiling technologies are designed to provide a value in which the provider can cash in and cash out from people buying the values provided.
    (iv) The Mobile Web Initiative is a “group of mobile technology companies within the World Wide Web Consortium which realize the importance of this convergence and are working hard to make the Mobile Web a reality.”
    1. This defines what sort of facilities you should expect to find on a mobile device.
    2. Providing the best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way
    3. It recommends finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and sending appropriately formatted content.

  16. 1) How does the net neutrality debate concern those who worry about the open network architecture of the WWW?
    -Net neutrality, in a way, counters what the open network architecture of the WWW is about. The open network is designed to connect to any and all networks with no limitations and the net neutrality is there to hinder and sensor that system.
    2) How does TCP/IP standard promote/constrain it?
    -TCP and IP are meant to provide an open platform and be neutral systems. Web 2.0 community websites support this because “any new genre of communication, any new social networking idea, immediately can gain the value of unexpected re-use by people across the world” All of this is because of the open platform it provides.
    3) What are Berner-Lee’s ceiling technologies?
    -Ceiling technologies are “designed to provide a value, and for its provider to cash in and cash out” such as music downloading systems.
    4) What is the MWI and how does it address three challenges facing us today?
    -The Mobile Web Initiative helps us face three challenges today because it “defines what sort of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device…gives best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way…recommends finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and sending appropriately formatted content.”

  17. 1. Net neutrality means that Internet service providers are not to prioritize or neglect any specific webpages or products, enabling the accessibility of any content or application no matter where it is coming from. The people who have qualms with the open network architecture of the World Wide Web worry that there will be caps placed on the capabilities of use of the internet.
    2. TCP/IP simultaneously promotes and constrains net neutrality with its open platform, in that it supports the open architecture concept of the internet, but since its common standards were implemented in an interoperable fashion this can be considered limiting to net neutraility.
    3. “Berners-Lee ceiling technologies are designed to provide a value, and for its provider to cash in and cash out. Proprietary music download systems are ceiling technologies to the extent that the technologists design to be also being the only store in town, rather than creating an open market. Though putting a lid on further innovation, they are still providing a service, and making sure they profit from it” (Berners-Lee).
    4. The MWI is the Mobile Web Initiative, a conglomeration of mobile technology companies that worked together to make “the Mobile Web” come into existence. They gave definitions to the writing of content and the facilities that mobile devices provide, and recommended ways to serve data, researching the devices you connect to, and encouraging websites to be easily accessible for mobile users. In this way, the modern challenges that the MWI addresses it defining what sort of facilities that you should expect to find on a mobile device, giving best practices for serving data in the most device-independent way, and recommending finding out what device you are talking to if you can, and accordingly sending content that is appropriately formatted for the device.

  18. That many longstanding Networks could really stifle the current internet platforms also maybe giving way to restrictions being placed on the providers.
    TCP/IP made it possible for the implementation some of the World Wide Applications. Changed a lot from hypertext.
    Provides value to a provider and allows a cash in and cash out .
    Mobile Web Initiative group of technologies with a mobile world wide group. Authoring Content

  19. Points user on how to use the device more so on what to find on the mobile device
    Methods on data
    Finds the device you are talking,receiving, or sending fixes it to meet that device.

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